Dhan Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaaj – Dhan Sri Dasam Granth Sahib JI – The bani of Guru Gobind Singh Ji (Sri Dasam Granth Sahib)- Educate and Elevate,
The Dasam Granth contains 1428 pages and is the collection of the writings of the 10th Patshah, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. It contains his Jaap Sahib, the Akal Ustat or praise of the Creator, the Vachitar Natak or Wonderful Drama, in which the Guru gives an account of his parentage, his divine mission, and the battles in which he had been engaged.
Then come three abridged translations of the Devi Mahatamya, an episode in the Markandeya Puran, in praise of Durga the Goddess of war (Chandi Chritras: Chandi Chritra I, Chandi Chritra II, Chandi Ki Var).
Then follows the Gyan Parbodh, or awakening of knowledge; Chobis Avatar – accounts of twenty-four incarnations of the Vishnu, according to the Hindus, and Brahrnavatar and Rudravtdr, selected because of their warlike character; the Shabad Hazare; quatrains called Sawaiyas, which are religious hymns in praise of God and reprobation of idolatry and hypocrisy; the Khalsa Mahima, or words in praise of the Khalsa; the Shastar Nam Mala, a list of offensive and defensive weapons used in the Guru’s time, with special reference to the attributes of the Creator; the Tria Charitar, or tales illustrating the qualities, but principally the deceit of women; the Kabiovach Bainti Chaupai will “absolve the suffering, pain or fear of the person, who will even once recite this Bani”; the Zafarnama, containing the tenth Guru’s epistle to the Emperor Aurangzeb; and Hikayats, several metrical tales in the Persian language.
The Dasam Granth is said to have been compiled by Bhai Mani Singh Ji, a companion and disciple of the Guru, after the tenth Guru’s death. It is understood that Bhai Mani Singh spent nine years at this task, by getting copies from other disciples and filling in some of the gaps by memory.
There are many compilations in existence and many are still being discovered. There are three ‘main’ editions which are well known:
- One edition said to have been written by Bhai Mani Singh in his own hand (in the possesion of Gulab Singh Sethi of New Delhi)
- A volume at the Gurdwara at Patna
- A volume at the Gurdwara at Sangrur.
The current version in wide circulation closely follows the edition ascribed to Bhai Mani Singh.
According to Dasam Granth scholars Gurinder Singh Mann and Kamalroop Singh, the original manuscript of Sri Dasam Granth is the Anandpuri Bir. They have shown photos of this Granth in their book: Sri Dasam Granth Sahib: Questions and Answers. via Sikhi Wiki