listen to this kavishari vaar narrating the scenes that took place at that time.
lecture is done by sant jarnail singh ji khalsa bhindranwale (mukhi damdami taksal) on bandishorr and the assasination of chandu.
LYRICS – Joga Singh Jogi
VOCALS – Jagowala Jatha at derby in 2003
1.Release of Guru Hargobind ji from Gwalior Fort
Bandi Chhor Diwas is the anniversary of Guru Hargobind ji being released from the prison at Gwalior Fort. It was on this day in 1619 A D when Guru ji was freed along-with 52 Hindu Rajput princes.
History: During the time of the 6th Guru, Sikhism had become the fastest growing religion. Unfortunately religious leaders and the Mogul Emperor became jealous. So they ordered Guru Ji to be detained in Gwalior fort in 1612 AD. On entering the fort, Guru Ji was greeted by 52 Hindu kings, who had been previously stripped of their kingdoms and imprisoned. Guru Ji gave everyone hope, by telling them about the reality of life and by engaging them in Naam Simran (meditation).
Jahangir was surprised by Guru Ji’s popularity in the fort. Troubled with fearful visions, the Emperor gave orders for Guru Ji’s release. But Guru Ji refused to come out of the fort until all the other 52 innocent prisoners were set free. The Mogul Emperor, thinking himself to be clever proposed to release any and every prisoner that could hold on to the Guru’s clothing. So Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ordered a special cloak to be made with 52 tassels. 52 pieces of cloth of different lengths were then tied to each tassel and each prisoner held one of these. It followed that on the day of Diwali in 1619 AD, the 6th Guru was released from Gwalior fort along with all 52 Hindu kings. Henceforth the Guru was called the ‘Freedom Provider’ or ‘Liberator’. He was greeted by Bhai Gurdas Ji, Baba Buddha Ji, Mian Mir (a Muslim Sufi Saint and friend of Guru Ji) and many other disciples. Guru Ji returned to Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar, with the 52 Kings where a magnificent celebration was held. The Harmandir Sahib was beautifully lit and decorated and fireworks illuminated the sky. People were elated and they sang Religious hymns. via www.sikhfoundation.org
2. Assasination of Chandu.
At the age of 11 years old sahib sri guru hargobind sahib ji announced at sri akaal takht sahib that they would place a ring in the nose of dusht chandu and drag him through the streets of delhi and lahore leading to his death for the the revenge of sahib sri gur arjan dev ji maharaj.
3. Role of Sai Mian Mir in Guru ji’s Release
Sai Mian Mir, a noted Sufi Sant and friend of both the Guru and his father, had travelled to the Emperor’s Court to meet with Jahangir asking him to release the Guru. Not really wanting to free the prisoners the Emperor Jahangir cleverly added the following condition to Guru ji’s release:
“whoever can hold on to the Guru’s cloak can be released.”
4. Bandi Chorh Diwas is not Diwali
Bandi Chorh Diwas and Diwali are separate festivals although they take place on the same day every year. People often think of both of these events as the same but in fact they represent two quite different events in history. On Bandi Chorh Diwas, Guru Sahib was released from Gwalior and on Diwali day he reached Amritsar. On his reaching Amritsar the people lit up the whole city with thousands of Lights and Lamps. Bandi Chorh Diwas fall on Amavas of Month Assu. Bandi Chorh Diwas is celebrated at Gurdwara Data Bandi Chorh, Gwalior with Joshokharosh.
5. Celebrations held at Gurdwara Bandi Chor & Amritsar
Gurudwara Bandi Chor is built at the place where the Guru stayed during his detention. The Sikhs celebrate this day as Bandi Chhorr Divas i.e., “the day of release of detainees”.
On this day “Bandi chhor Divas” Bhai Mani Singh ji, who was the then Granthi Of Shri Harmandir sahib (Golden Temple) is martyred in 1734.
This happened because Bhai Mani Singh ji refused to pay tax on a religious meeting of khalsa on Diwali. The Government arrested him and took him to Lahore. The Qazi pronounced the judgement thathe was to be cut to pieces limb by limb
While the celebration of Bandi Chhor Divas affords Sikhs the opportunity to celebrate alongside our Hindu and Jain siblings, we must also consider what this day signifies for Sikhs as more than just a day of celebration involving candles and fireworks.
The story of Guru Hargobind’s cloak symbolizes the connections with others to work towards common goals. We must look at our individual causes in the lens of how that work promotes the greater good.
In the spirit of that challenge, We wish a happy Bandi Chhor Divas to all. via singhstation.net